Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.14356/1772
Title: Prevalence and Determinants of Comorbid Diabetes and Hypertension in Nepal: Evidence from NCD Risk Factors STEPS Survey Nepal 2013
Authors: Pandey, A R
Karki, K B
Mehata, S
Aryal, K K
Aryal, P
Pandit, A
Bista, B
Dhakal, P
Dhimal, M
Citation: Pandey AR, Karki KB, Mehata S, Aryal KK, Thapa P, Pandit A, Bista B, Dhakal P, Dhimal M. Prevalence and Determinants of Comorbid Diabetes and Hypertension in Nepal: Evidence from Non Communicable Disease Risk Factors STEPS Survey Nepal 2013. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2015 Jan-Apr;13(29):20-5. PMID: 26411708.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Nepal Health Research Council
Keywords: Diabetes
Ecological region
Hypertension
Rural
Urban
Series/Report no.: Jan-April, 2015;
Abstract: Abstract Background: Despite being preventable disease, diabetes and hypertension fall among top 10 leading causes of death globally. Diabetes and hypertension are independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and the risk is markedly increased by their co-occurrence.This study attempted to find out the prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension in Nepal. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4,200 Nepalese adults selected through multistage cluster sampling.Out of 4,200 respondents of larger study, this article includes the analysis of 3,772respondents who granted permission for physical and biochemical measurement. Nepali version of WHO NCD STEPS instrument version 2.2 was used for data collection. In order to obtain national estimates sample weight was used. Chi-square test and multivariable binary logistic regression were used to assess the association of socio-economic predictors with comorbid conditions after adjusting effect of clusters and strata. Results: The overall prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension was found to be 2% in Nepal.Considering age group 15 to 29 years as reference, people in age group 45-69 and 30 to 44 years were found to have 33 folds (AOR=33.06, 95%CI=5.90-185.35) and 6 folds(AOR=6.36, 95%CI=1.08-37.43) higher odds of developing comorbid condition of diabetes and hypertension. Conclusions: Prevalence of comorbid diabetes and hypertension seem to be high in people of 45-69 years of age. Age and level of education seem to be associated with comorbid diabetes and hypertension. Keywords: Diabetes; ecological region; hypertension; rural; urban.
Description: Original Article
URI: http://103.69.126.140:8080/handle/20.500.14356/1772
ISSN: Print ISSN: 1727-5482; Online ISSN: 1999-6217
Appears in Collections:Vol. 13 No. 1 Issue 29 January - April 2015

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