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Title: Oral Health Condition of School Children in Nawalparasi District, Nepal
Authors: Thapa, P
Aryal, K K
Dhimal, M
Mehata, S
Pokhrel, A U
Pandit, A
Pandey, A R
Bista, B
Dhakal, P
Karki, K B
Pradhan, S
Citation: Thapa P, Aryal KK, Dhimal M, Mehata S, Pokhrel AU, Pandit A, Pandey AR, Bista B, Dhakal P, Karki KB, Pradhan S. Oral Health Condition of School Children in Nawalparasi District, Nepal. J Nepal Health Res Counc. 2015 Jan-Apr;13(29):7-13. PMID: 26411706.
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Nepal Health Research Council
Keywords: Dental caries
Oral health
School children
5-6 years
12-13 years
Series/Report no.: Jan-April, 2015;
Abstract: Abstract Background: Oral diseases and feeding habits are inextricably linked. Significance of assessing oral health conditions among the school children therefore exists. The current study investigated the oral health condition among 5-6 years and 12-13 years children in Nawalparasi district, Nepal. Methods: Recruiting 1,000 school children aged (5-6) and (12-13) years in Nawalparasi district, a cross-sectional study was carried out from November to December, 2014. Data assembled from standard instrument was entered in Epi-Data 3.1, cleaned in SPSS version 16.0, and analyzed in Epi Info 3.5.4. Results: Of 12-13 years children, three out of ten (32.0%, 95% CI: 27.8-36.4) suffered from occasional dental discomfort and pain, and 8.1% (95% CI: 5.9-11.0) often experienced dental discomfort and pain during the last 12 months. It was 73.6% (95% CI: 69.3-77.4) who brushed teeth at least once a day, while another 20.7% (95% CI: 17.2-24.7) brushed twice a day. Among all children, 86.1% (95% CI: 82.6-89.1) used toothpaste to brush the teeth. A three-fourth (73.8%, 95% CI: 69.5-77.7) drank tea with sugar daily. Dental caries was visible on 42.2% (95% CI: 37.7-46.8) (mean DMFT score 2.3 ± 1.5). Likewise, a quarter (24.1%, 95% CI: 20.3-28.3) had gingival bleeding, 10.9% (95% CI: 8.3-14.1) questionable enamel fluorosis, 4.5% (95% CI: 2.9-6.9) dental trauma, and 1.7% (95% CI: 0.8-3.5) oral mucosal lesion. Referral for preventive/routine treatment was observed in 40.5% (95% CI: 36.145.1). Among 5-6 years old children, a remarkable proportion of dental caries (64.4%, 95% CI: 59.2-69.4 and mean DMFT score 4.4 ± 3.0) was noted. Statistics of enamel fluorosis, dental trauma, and oral mucosal lesions in this age group were: 3.1% (95% CI: 1.6-5.6), 1.7% (95% CI: 0.7-3.8), and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.4-3.0) respectively. About 40.1% (95% CI: 35.0-45.4) were referred for preventive treatment, and the rest for prompt treatment. Conclusions: Oral health of the children was poor, chiefly dental carries remained widespread. Dental hygiene awareness should be promoted in schools in active coordination and collaboration with education authorities. Keywords: Dental caries; nepal; oral health; school children; 5-6 years; 12-13 years.
Description: Original Article
ISSN: Print ISSN: 1727-5482; Online ISSN: 1999-6217
Appears in Collections:Vol. 13 No. 1 Issue 29 January - April 2015

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