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dc.contributor.authorDangal, Ganesh-
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Niki-
dc.contributor.authorKhanal, Gayatri-
dc.contributor.authorGiri, Subarna-
dc.contributor.authorGhimire, Anup-
dc.contributor.authorAryal, Shiva-
dc.contributor.authorAryal, Barun Babu-
dc.contributor.authorAdhikari, Anurag-
dc.contributor.authorPaudel, Ayusha-
dc.contributor.authorBudhathoki, Pravash-
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Dhan Bahadur-
dc.identifier.citationDangalG., ShresthaN., KhanalG., GiriS., Ghimire A., AryalS., AryalB. B., AdhikariA., PaudelA., BudhathokiP., & ShresthaD. B. (2022). Prevalence and Contributing Factors of Gender-based Violence in SAARC Territories from 2010 to 2020: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 20(01), 1-11.
dc.identifier.issnPrint ISSN: 1727-5482; Online ISSN: 1999-6217-
dc.descriptionReview Articleen_US
dc.description.abstractAbstract Background: Gender-based violence is a key global concern due to the high prevalence and increased socio-economic burden for survivors. However, estimation of the prevalence of gender-based violence is difficult due to differences in study design and underreporting of abuse, especially in developing nations. Therefore, we conducted this study to estimate the prevalence of Gender-based violence among women living in the SAARC region. Methods: The review protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020219577). Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed throughout the review. A thorough database search was conducted to identify studies done in the SAARC region. Title and abstract screening were done in Covidence, followed by a full-text review. Data were extracted and pooled for analysis using the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Subgroup analysis was done where possible. Results: A total of 76 studies were included in the systematic review and metaanalysis. The community prevalence of domestic violence (DV) was 43.8% (95% CI, 35.1% - 52.9%), GBV prevalence was 34.9% (95% CI, 30.2% - 39.9%) and IPV prevalence was 39.8% (95% CI, 30.7% - 49.6%). GBV prevalence was highest in illiterate women [54.2% (95% CI, 46.8% - 61.5%)] and lowest among women with higher than secondary level education [23.1% (95% CI, 16.2% - 32.0%)]. The prevalence of GBV among women in pregnancy or postpartum period was 32.3% (95% CI, 25.1% - 40.4%, I2: 98.64), while among female sexual workers, the prevalence of Gender-based violence was 42.1% (95% CI, 28.1% - 57.5%, I2: 99.25). Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of Gender-based violence in the SAARC region. Higher socioeconomic status and educational status are protective factors for Gender-based violence. However, more studies using validated tools are needed to understand the true extent of the problem. Keywords: Domestic violence; gender-based violence; pregnancy; women.en_US
dc.publisherNepal Health Research Councilen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJan-March, 2022;4011-
dc.subjectDomestic violenceen_US
dc.subjectGender-based violenceen_US
dc.subjectPregnancy; women.en_US
dc.titlePrevalence and Contributing Factors of Gender-based Violence in SAARC Territories from 2010 to 2020: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysisen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
local.journal.categoryReview Article-
Appears in Collections:Vol. 20 No. 01 (2022): Issue 54 Jan-March, 2022

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