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Title: A Nationwide Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and Suicidality in Nepal: Evidence from National Mental Health Survey, 2019-2020
Authors: Dhimal, Meghnath
Dahal, Sushma
Adhikari, Kriti
Koirala, Pallavi
Bista, Bihungum
Luitel, Nagendra
Pant, Sagun
Marahatta, Kedar
Shakya, Suraj
Sharma, Pawan
Ghimire, Sailaja
Gyanwali, Pradip
Ojha, Saroj Prasad
Jha, Anjani Kumar
Citation: DhimalM., DahalS., AdhikariK., KoiralaP., BistaB., LuitelN., PantS., Marahatta K., ShakyaS., SharmaP., GhimireS., GyanwaliP., OjhaS. P., & JhaA. K. (2022). A Nationwide Prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and Suicidality in Nepal: Evidence from National Mental Health Survey, 2019-2020. Journal of Nepal Health Research Council, 19(04), 740-747.
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Nepal Health Research Council
Article Type: Original Article
Keywords: National Mental Health Survey
Mental Disorder
Series/Report no.: Oct-Dec, 2021;4017
Abstract: Abstract Background: Mental disorders account for a large portion of burden of disease. In Nepal, the prevalence of mental disorders has been rising steadily, but national and province level prevalence is not available. This study aims to assess the prevalence of common mental disorders and suicidality in Nepal. Methods: We conducted nationwide descriptive cross-sectional community-based prevalence study of mental disorders and suicidality among adults (aged 18 years and above) and adolescents (aged 13 to 17 years) in Nepal. We included a total of 9200 adults and 5888 adolescents from seven provinces of Nepal by using a multistage Probability Proportionate to Size sampling technique. Mental disorders and suicidality were assessed using translated and adapted Nepalese version of Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for disorders, English version 7.0.2 for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental disorders,5th Edition (DSM-5). Data were entered in CSPro v7.2. Weighted estimates for different mental disorders were calculated. Results: The overall weighted lifetime prevalence of any mental disorder among adults and adolescents was estimated at 10% and 5.2%, respectively. Suicidality was present among 7.2% of the adult and 4.1% of the adolescent participants. Among adult participants, the current prevalence of suicidal thoughts and lifetime suicidal attempts were found to be 6.5% and 1.1%, respectively. Conclusions: This survey indicated that mental health problems are major public health concerns in Nepal that should not be overlooked. Hence, a multisectoral approach is needed to address the burden of mental health problems among adults and adolescents in Nepal. Keywords: National Mental Health Survey, Mental Disorder, MINI, Suicidality, Nepal
Description: Original Article
ISSN: Print ISSN: 1727-5482; Online ISSN: 1999-6217
Appears in Collections:Vol. 19 No. 04 (2021): Vol 19 No 4 Issue 53 Oct-Dec 2021

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